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The Lawful Touch

Can Women Touch, Read, and or Recite the Qur'an while in a state of
impurity?

This is taken from the book on Dr.Bilal Phillips "Islamic Ruling on
Menstruation and Post Natal Bleeding" page 12:

Touching and reciting the Qur'an. Menstruating women are permitted to read
and touch the Qur'an.

*Footnote to the above statement: Although many scholars have prohibited
menstruating women and people in the state of sexual defilement (junub)
from reciting the Qur'an or touching it, Imaam al-Bukhaaree took the
position that there was no authentic evidence to support such position and
that it was in fact permitted. In support of his view he mentioned the
positions of some of the early scholars who also permitted reciting and
touching the Qur'an in order to show that the prohibition of menstruating
women from reciting the Qur'an was not unanimous among scholars of the
past. (Fat-h-al-Baaree, vol. 1 p. 305)

Ibn Taymeeyah said, "The prohibition of women from reading the Qur'an has
no basis in either the Qur'an or the Sunnah. The statement attributed to
the Prophet "The menstruating woman or person sexually defiled (junub)
should not read anything of the Qur'an" is NOT authentic according to the
unanimous opinion of the hadeeth scholars. Undoubtedly women used to
menstruate during the Prophet's era and if recitation of the Qur'an was
prohibited as formal prayer was prohibited, the Prophet would have
explained it to his followers and his wives, and it would have been
transmitted to us. Consequently, since no prohibition has been transmitted
from the Prophet, it is not permissible to declare it haraam (forbidden)
while knowing that he did not prohibit it. And if he did not prohibit it
in spite of the many cases of menstruation during his time, it is obvious
that it is not haraam
(al-Majmoo' vol. 26 p. 191)
Ibraaheem an-Nakha'ee (scholar among the students of the companions) said:
"There is no harm in menstruating women reciting a Qur'anic verse. (It was
also the opinion of Imam Maalik) (Vol. 1 p. 182 chap.. 9 of Sahih Al
Bukhari) Imaam Al-Bukhari mentioned this incidence in order to prove that
since the Prophet sent verses of the Qur'an to the pagans who were in a
state of defilement, a menstruating woman should be able to read the
Qur'an.

Fatawah or Islamic Rulings about some Important Issues by Sheikh
Nasir-ud-Din-Al Albani
Q. - Is it prohibited to recite the Qur'an without wudoo?
A. - It is preferable to recite it upon purification. The hadeeth of the
Messenger's making tayammum to reply to "as-Salaamu' alaikum" It is not forbidden to recite it without wudoo. As for the woman in her state of
nifas or in after-birth confinement, then nothing prevents her from
reciting the Qur'an. The hadeeth that At-Tirmidhee reported from Ibn 'Umar
(r) that the Messenger said: "The woman ill with her period and the junub
man may not recite the Qur'an" that is a 'munkar' hadeeth, as the Imaam of
Sunnah Ahmad Ibn Hanbal says it is not authentic. Rather we have the
hadeeth of Aisha (r) that the Messenger said to her when she made Hajj
and she had her period: "Do everything the pilgrim does except prayer and
tawaaf." Does not the pilgrim recite the Qur'an?"
So, this hadeeth is a clear proof of the permissibility of a woman's
reciting/reading the Qur'an whilst in her period. Therefore it is not
permissible to prevent the woman in her periods from reciting the Qur'an
claiming that she is not pure! If Allah ta'ala had prevented her from
reciting as He prevented her from praying, then we would follow that
prevention and that would be the end of the matter. But He revealed to His
Messenger a distinction between prayer and its constituent parts: since
some people say that reciting the Qur'an is one of the pillars of the
Prayer, so why do we not make purification a pre condition for it as it is
for the prayer? So we say: Not only is reciting the Qur'an a part of the
prayer, but also, prayer is begun by our saying "Allahu Akbar". So, we
should also say that it is a requirement for saying 'takbeer' that we have
wudoo! And the same goes for 'tasbeeh', 'tahmeed' etc. We find that some
of the companions preferred to have wudoo to touch the Qur'an so that
shows what is preferable, but to make it obligatory and to say that it is
forbidden for a woman in her state of nifas to touch the Qur'an then that
has no proof at all.